Our Gastroenterology Blog

Posts for category: GI Healthcare

By GI Med Health
January 11, 2022
Category: GI Healthcare
Tags: Colonoscopy  

Colon cancer, unlike others, may not exhibit any noticeable signs in its early stages. Symptoms such as diarrhea, constipation, and stomach aches are sometimes easy to dismiss, but when they become recurring problems it may be time to see your doctor. A colonoscopy is just one of the types of tests that your Greenbelt, MD, doctor can conduct to assess the cause of symptoms. To learn more about all the benefits of a colonoscopy please reach out to Dr. Sushil Rattan and Dr. Radman Mostaghim.


A colonoscopy is one of the best methods for screening for colon cancer and treating it as early as possible. Using a colonoscope, a thin and flexible device with a very small camera at the end of it, the doctor can examine the inner lining of the colon. What the doctor looks for are polyps, which are abnormal growths that can potentially become cancerous.

What to Expect

The colonoscopy itself is not much different from other medical procedures and it often takes around 30 minutes, sometimes even less.

You will however need to arrange driving accommodations as you shouldn't drive after the procedure due to the required anesthesia.

But before the procedure begins, preparation for it often starts days before. Your doctor will give you a very specialized diet that will gradually change until the day of the colonoscopy. You will need to follow these instructions very clearly, including the use of a bowel prep the day before.

As the anesthesia is administered your doctor will be there and will explain the procedure and answer questions you might have. After the procedure is done you will be directed to a recovery area until you are cleared to go home.

Colonoscopy Exam in Greenbelt, MD

It's important to pay attention to your body and turn to your doctor if you have recurring gastrointestinal problems as they could signal colon cancer or other GI conditions. But even without symptoms, if you are 50 or older then see your Greenbelt, MD, doctor as a colonoscopy may help you prevent colon cancer altogether. Schedule a consultation today with Dr. Rattan and Dr. Mostaghim by dialing (301) 982-7900.

By GI Med Health
November 02, 2021
Category: GI Healthcare
Tags: Stomach Pain  

When you are experiencing pain in your stomach it can be both alarming and disruptive to your life. At GI Med Health, Dr. Sushil Rattan and Dr. Radman Mostaghim can help you understand what is causing your difficulties and find treatment solutions for your stomach pain in Greenbelt, MD. Keep reading to learn more. 

Causes of Pain in Stomach 

Gastro pain can have many causes. Some of these causes can be as simple as dietary choices. If the stomach is sensitive to certain things such as gluten or lactose, it can cause pain and digestive issues. These problems can be easily resolved with simple diet changes. 

Other causes of pain can be more serious. Ulcers, acid reflux, chronic constipation, IBS, and other stomach disorders will create pain and digestive problems. It is important that these symptoms not be ignored. If you are experiencing pain in the stomach, you should contact a gastroenterologist. 

Other Symptoms

In addition to pain, there are other symptoms that could be warning signs of stomach issues. For many people stomach pain in Greenbelt, MD is their first sign that something is wrong. For other people, however, pain may be minimal or non-existent even though a serious problem is still developing. Other symptoms you can look for will be changes in digestion. Some changes can include:

  • Diarrhea
  • Constipation
  • Changes in stool color
  • Red or bloody stool
  • Black or tar-like stool
  • Lack of appetite
  • Acid reflux  

If you are experiencing any of these symptoms and they persist for more than a few days, it could be a sign that a serious stomach issue is developing. It is a good idea to contact your doctor or to speak with a gastro specialist. 

If you would like to learn more about our services, or if you would like to schedule an appointment for stomach pain in Greenbelt, MD, please contact Dr. Rattan or Dr. Mostaghim at GI Med Health by calling 301-982-7900

By GI Med Health
September 14, 2021
Category: GI Healthcare
Tags: Diverticulosis  

Drs. Sushil Rattan and Radman Mostaghim of GI Med Health care for their Greenbelt, MD, patients suffering from any set of gastroenterological issues, including diverticula.

What are diverticula?

Diverticula is known as diverticulosis. Diverticula are pouches that form in the digestive system, specifically the colon. This condition is common after the age of 40 and rarely causes problems unless there's inflammation that leads to infection (diverticulitis).

What are symptoms to look out for?

  • Severe abdominal pain
  • Change in your bowel habits
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Fever
  • Abdominal tenderness
  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea

Is diverticulitis treatable?

Mild diverticulitis is treated with:

  • Rest
  • Dietary changes
  • Antibiotics

Severe diverticulitis may require surgery.

What causes diverticulitis?

Diverticula develop in weak places under pressure, causing pouches to protrude. Diverticulitis occurs when one of the pouches pops and infects the body.

You need to be more vigilant because of any of the following factors. The chance of developing diverticulitis increases with age, as well as obesity, smoking, lack of exercise, and a diet high in animal fat and low in fiber. Another factor contributing to diverticulitis is certain medications like steroids, opioids, ibuprofen, and naproxen sodium.

People who suffer from acute diverticulitis may develop complications, which include an abscess, a blockage in your bowel, or peritonitis, inflammation of the abdominal membrane lining.

For a proper diagnosis, make sure you visit your Greenbelt gastroenterologist.

How do you prevent diverticulitis?

  1. Exercise regularly. Working out at least 30 minutes several times a week promotes normal bowel movements and reduces pressure inside your colon.
  2. Eat healthily. Incorporating more fiber into your diet decreases the risk of diverticulitis. Fiber-rich foods soften waste material and ease excretion. Examples of high fiber foods include seeds, nuts, fruits, and vegetables.
  3. Fiber works when you drink plenty of water. Fiber absorbs water and softens bulky waste as it moves through the colon. Remember, if you increase fibrous food into your diet, water is key, or you'll be constipated.

Would you like to learn more about diverticula?

To learn more about diverticulosis and how to treat or manage symptoms, make sure you speak with Drs. Sushil Rattan and Radman Mostaghim of GI Med Health in Greenbelt, MD, by calling (301) 982-7900.

Your gastrointestinal system is an important part of your daily life and taking care of your system is a big task that your gastroenterologist can help you manage. Finding the right gastroenterologist for you is a big task and you don’t have to search any longer. Dr. Sushil Rattan and Dr. Radman Mostaghim at GI Med Health in Greenbelt, MD, are here to help you with all of your gastroenterology needs and to help make you feel as healthy as possible.

How a Gastroenterologist Can Benefit You

There are many different conditions that can affect your gastrointestinal system if left unchecked and untreated. Having a gastroenterologist in Greenbelt, MD, can help keep any of these conditions in check and your doctor will be able to help spot any conditions before they become a more serious issue that is harder to treat. You can keep your intestinal tract free of pain and blockages, which will help you feel better in the long run.

As you get older, it becomes even more important that you have a gastroenterologist that can help keep you safe from problems like colon cancer. Your doctor will tell you when it’s time for you to get a colonoscopy to detect signs of colon cancer as soon as possible. Being able to work with your gastroenterologist on situations like this can help you detect symptoms sooner and can help keep your body healthy for longer. When your gastrointestinal system is healthy and under control, you can enjoy the foods that you love without worry or fear of lasting pain.

Contact Your Gastroenterologist Today!

Don’t hesitate to care for your body by finding a gastroenterologist that will help take care of you. Contact Dr. Sushil Rattan and Dr. Radman Mostaghim at GI Med Health in Greenbelt, MD, today at (301) 982-7900.

By GI Med Health
April 05, 2021
Category: GI Healthcare
Tags: Abdominal Pain  

Your gastroenterologists in Greenbelt, MD, can help you feel better.

Dr. Sushil Rattan and Dr. Radman Mostaghim of GI Med Health in Greenbelt, MD, offer a wide range of gastroenterology services, including diagnosis and treatment of abdominal pain, to help you feel better.

Abdominal pain can make you miserable, affecting you in many different ways. Along with the pain, you might be suffering from diarrhea, constipation, nausea, and other signs and symptoms. Sometimes the cause is obvious, but quite often, you won’t know what is causing your abdominal pain. That’s where your gastroenterologist comes in. It’s important to keep track of your symptoms, the first occurrence, and the frequency of your abdominal pain.

If your abdominal pain comes on all at once, it could be a symptom of:

  • Kidney stones, or a kidney or bladder infection
  • A urinary tract infection or gastroenteritis
  • Appendicitis, cystitis, or diverticulitis
  • Pancreatitis or peritonitis

If your abdominal pain happens all of the time, it could be a symptom of:

  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
  • An inguinal or hiatal hernia
  • Celiac disease or gastritis
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
  • Ulcerative colitis or a peptic ulcer

If you have worsening abdominal pain, you need to see your gastroenterologist as soon as you can, because it can be a symptom of:

  • Crohn’s disease or hepatitis
  • Non-Hodgkins lymphoma
  • Stomach, kidney, liver, gallbladder, or pancreatic cancer

You should see your gastroenterologist right away if you have abdominal pain along with:

  • A high fever
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Rapid weight loss
  • Yellowing skin
  • Blood in your stool
  • Abdominal swelling

When you visit your gastroenterologist, they may recommend procedures to diagnose the cause of your abdominal pain, like a colonoscopy, sigmoidoscopy, endoscopy, abdominal ultrasound, or a combination of these procedures. After determining the cause of your abdominal pain, your gastroenterologist will formulate a treatment plan to help relieve your symptoms and treat the cause of your pain.

To find out more about abdominal pain diagnosis and treatment, call Dr. Rattan and Dr. Mostaghim of GI Med Health in Greenbelt, MD, at (301) 982-7900. Start feeling better by calling today!

By GI Med Health
January 19, 2021
Category: GI Healthcare
Tags: Liver Disease  

Your liver is vital for your overall health. Here’s what you should know about liver disease.

While you might not realize it, the liver is one of the most important organs that we have. This 3-pound organ located on the right side under your lower ribs does everything from filter and detoxify your blood to promote blood clotting and perform hundreds of key chemical functions. Unfortunately, our Greenbelt, MD, gastroenterologists Dr. Sushil Rattan and Dr. Radman Mostaghim are seeing a rise in liver disease in the US.

What causes liver disease?

There are more than 100 different kinds of liver disease. Liver disease may be caused by genetics, autoimmune disorders or viruses, while other forms of liver disease are the result of a poor lifestyle. Bad habits such as excessive alcohol consumption, obesity, taking drugs or eating a poor diet can increase your risk for developing liver disease.

It’s important that liver disease is detected early on. The liver is incredible, as it has the ability to regenerate and heal all by itself. This means that by catching liver disease during the very early stages, our Greenbelt, MD, GI doctors can help reverse the disease through a customized treatment plan that focuses on leading a healthier lifestyle.

What are the most common types of liver disease?

Some of the most common forms of liver disease include,

  • Viral hepatitis (A, B or C)
  • Alcohol or nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
  • Genetic liver disease (e.g. hereditary hemochromatosis)
  • Autoimmune liver disease (e.g. primary sclerosing cholangitis)

What are the warning signs of liver disease?

If you are dealing with an acute liver problem you may suddenly notice,

  • Weakness and fatigue
  • Yellowing of the skin and eyes (known as jaundice)
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Pain under the right lower rib
  • Pale-colored stools
  • Dark urine
  • Fever

However, liver disease doesn’t always cause symptoms. If symptoms persist for more than six months, then this is considered a chronic liver condition. Unfortunately, many people may have liver problems but never even know it. If you live an unhealthy lifestyle, you may want to talk with our gastroenterologists about getting regular blood tests to check hepatic (liver) function. Even your regular physician can perform this simple blood test to check liver enzymes.

Whether you have liver disease in your family, or you are concerned about the health of your liver, our Greenbelt, MD, gastroenterology team is here to answer your questions and provide you with the care you need. Call GI Med Health today at (301) 982-7900 to schedule an evaluation.

By GI Med Health
December 23, 2020
Category: GI Healthcare
Tags: Stomach Pain  
Stomach pain happens to most of us on occasion, whether caused by indigestion, overeating, cramping, illness or infection. While it usually dissipates on its own, stomach pain can affect your day in more ways than one, making eating unpleasant, daily tasks uncomfortable and nights sleepless.
Dr. Sushil Rattan at GI Med Health in Greenbelt can help you identify the cause of your stomach pain, and has tips for you for alleviating discomfort.
Overeating or indigestion
If you have overindulged at a meal or are suffering side effects from spicy or acidic foods, trying an over-the-counter anti-bloating or antacid can help diminish your discomfort. Drink plenty of water and eat lightly for the rest of the day to give your stomach time to settle.
Constipation can leave you feeling uncomfortably full, bloated or cause pain across the abdomen. If you find yourself constipated for several days at a time, ask your doctor at our Greenbelt office if a stool softener or laxative can help. Staying hydrated and eating fiber rich foods can also help with having regular bowel movements.
Stomach pain ulcer
Stomach pain can also be the result of a bacterial infection or overuse of pain relievers. Ulcers require treatment from a gastroenterologist, with potential remedies including the use of proton pump inhibitor medications to reduce acid and assist healing, or a prescription for antibiotics to kill the bacteria. Your doctor at our Greenbelt office may also suggest a prescription antacid medication.
If you are experiencing intensive stomach pains, excessive bloating, vomiting, changes in bowel movements, unintended weight loss or a burning sensation, make sure to call our Greenbelt office.
If you find certain foods or drinks, such as dairy, citrus fruits or coffee cause you stomach pain, avoid consuming them or ask your doctor about taking an antacid or medication for lactose sensitivity in tandem. Make sure to chew your food thoroughly and limit especially fatty foods.
If stomach pain is affecting you, call GI Med Health in Greenbelt at  (301) 982-7900 today.
By GI Med Health
October 19, 2020
Category: GI Healthcare
Tags: Colonoscopy  

It may fill you with dread when your doctor suggests that you get a colonoscopy. The good news is those who are not in high-risk populations only need an exam about every ten years. The benefits far outweigh the risks and inconveniences. Dr. Sushil Rattan and Dr. Radman Mostaghim can assist you with this procedure at GI Med Health in Greenbelt, MD.

Does everyone need a colonoscopy? The answer is it depends. People who can benefit from a colonoscopy are:

  • Over the age of 50.
  • Those who already have an inflammatory condition of the bowel, such as irritable bowel syndrome or Crohn’s disease.
  • Individuals that have a strong family history of cancer of the abdominal cavity
  • Patients who have tumor metastasis or previous history with cancer, especially in the gut.

Benefits of a colonoscopy

Colonoscopies are essential for finding polyps in the colon before they become too serious to handle later. Also, if you have had polyps or other abnormalities in the colon previously, a colonoscopy can assist with making sure they do not come back.

While studies show colonoscopy helps patients avoid colorectal cancer, the only way a patient can get great results like these is to take a proactive approach. Your doctor will not only guide you on what to do regarding prep for the procedure, but they will answer any questions you may have about colorectal health.

If your doctor does find a suspicious-looking site, it will be time to perform a biopsy, assess the findings, and offer advice based on the results. Catching abnormalities early can help you and your doctor decide what to do next.

Put your mind at ease concerning your colon health and get a colonoscopy. If you are in the Greenbelt, MD, area, contact Dr. Mostaghim and Dr. Rattan at GI Med Health at (301) 982-7900 for a consultation.

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